Investing in Philippines: The Stock market explained in simple terms


Thursday, September 9, 2010

The Stock market explained in simple terms

Many have already asked me about the Stock Market, Stock trading, and stock investments. And many really is confused about it. Some say it is only for the rich and affluent people or thus who are learned men and women in the business district of Makati City.

But your wrong. Stock investing or trading is for everyone. In the Philippines one can open a stock brokerage account with the nine accredited brokers allowed to carry on online stock trading. Of the nine 2 which are also the stock investing arms of a bank, First Metro Securities of Metrobank (have no maintaining balance) and BPITrade of BPI(requires a 500 pesos maintaining balance) according to my friend Jerry who has both accounts to maximize the potential of stock trading in the Philippines.

So how will a layman or a normal Juan or Maria understand the stock market and stock investment so that the Filipino population will not be afraid to try investing in stock in the Philippines?


I have two analogies that I always use. The first one is the one I use  to explain to a friend what is a stock market in general. As the name says it is a market. So I want you to imagine yourself in the middle of a wet market or probably imagine yourself walking in Divisoria. What would you normally see? I guess you would see at least two types of people there. One are the buyers like you and second are the sellers who keep on doing all sorts of ways to get your attention. Why are you in Divisoria? You are in Divisoria to buy something at a bargain. You might be able to buy the same item in SM Department stores or in Cubao but at a higher price so you go to the market like Divisoria. 

You went to Divisoria to buy, same as you going to the Philippine stock market to buy. The only difference though is that instead of you buying stuffs, in a stock market or bourse you buy shares of stock of a company. And you buy it only at a bargain. Who in the world would buy a kilo of mango for 10,000 pesos that would be insane right. On the other hand you also sell stocks so you take the place of the sellers. You will always be on the look out for potential buyers by making your voice heard by giving a buyer a good price on your stock.

Now one more thing, in the wet market sellers and buyers interact directly but in the stock market a buyer or a seller interact through a broker which is accredited and certified by regulatory bodies. In a way it is a safeguard to protect the interest of participants in the stock market.

Another analogy I use is the bouncing ball. The stock market is like a bouncing ball. It goes up and down. It is never steady. This analogy explains the theory of Supply and Demand. When demand for a stock rises a rise in price is also seen. As a ball is given force, the force given to it reflects by the height it goes. When the ball is way way up the tendency is for it to go down  losing the upward force. The ball's weight becomes the indicator that the market is overbought making the ball heavy thus gravity pulls it down. When all the stocks are bought it is normal for those who bought it to sell at again so as the price go down they try as much as possible to take profits by selling their stock holdings before it reaches their cost.

And as the ball touches the ground it bounces again thus continuing the cycle. So when stock prices are on the rise investors like you and me try to buy it while it is still low to profit when it peaks and before it goes below our cost. When stock prices starts to go down after enjoying a high price we wait for it to reach the bottom and buy stocks when it is about to rise again.


Louis said...

To those who has questions dont be shy to ask the likes of BPItrade, First Metro Securities and Citiseconline. You can send them and email to inquire about their services or you can visit their website for more information:

# 89-100 for Metro Manila
# 1-800-188-89100 for domestic toll-free calls (where available)
# International Access Code + 63 + 2 + 89 - 10000 for international calls or through their International Toll Free Numbers*

First Metro Securities
Phone: (+632) 8590600
Fax: (+632) 8590699
Email address:

Tel: (632) 6-333-777
Fax: (632)636-3512

Anna Delfin said...

Stock Market shows the rank of a country if it is Rich or poor country..

Virtual Office

Louis Delos Angeles said...

Thanks Anna! The stock market does not entirely indicate a country's status, it is a mere index of what really is going on.

From time to time even rich countries have their bourses crashing like those in Europe and United States, even Japan's stock market do dip and at times laggard but in general the country is rich.

Learning from these countries will help us really how to direct the direction of the Philippine economy, I hope Philippines will reclaim its title as one of the Tiger Economies in Asia